:: Volume 2, Issue 4 (winter 2017) ::
3 2017, 2(4): 301-310 Back to browse issues page
Estimation of Mortality and Morbidity due to Exposure to Respirable Particulate Matter (RPM) in the Air of Tehran in 2014 - 2015
M Kermani , M Dowlati , A Jonidi Jafari , R Rezaei Kalantari
Iran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (760 Views)
Background & objectives: Air pollution, especially the phenomenon of dust and particulate matter can cause several health consequences on human health and the environment. The present study with aim of investigating and quantifying the health consequences associated with exposure to particulate matter in air of Tehran in 2014 year by using the air quality (Air Q) model were performed.
Methods: This study is a descriptive-analytic. At first hourly data were taken from Tehran environmental protection agency and Air Quality Control Company. Then validated according to the WHO guidelines and Statistical parameters for quantifying health effects were calculated in excel. Finally, assessment of cases Mortality and Morbidity with software was performed.
Results: Results showed the average annual concentration PM2.5 and PM10 ، is 76 and 36 µg/m3, which is 3/81, and 3/61 times more than standard of Iran and WHO guidelines. Also number of total mortality attributed to PM2/5 is 1904 cases with attributable proportion 3/75 and number of total mortality attributed to PM10 is 1940 cases with attributable proportion 3/83.
Conclusion: Air pollutants, especially particulates matter have adverse effects on human health. During the last decade the amount of particulate matter in the air of Tehran and its related health risks extremely increased. Therefore should take Suitable planning to control air pollution, especially dust phenomenon happen.
Keywords: Air Pollution, Health Effect, Mortality, Particulates Matter, Air Q Model.
Full-Text [PDF 208 kb]   (420 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/08/22 | Accepted: 2017/08/22 | Published: 2017/08/22

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Volume 2, Issue 4 (winter 2017) Back to browse issues page