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:: Volume 2, Number 2 (summer 2016) ::
3 2016, 2(2): 99-107 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Occupational Exposure to n-Hexane and Aromatic Compounds from Workers of Selected Shoe Manufacturing Workshops in Tehran
R Zendehdel , R Sedghi, S Khodakarim, A Esmaeili Tahneh
Abstract:   (191 Views)

Background & aim: Chemical exposure for the shoe makers has been created health hurdle. This exposure mainly occurs in the gum process which workers have been exposed to various solvents such as aromatic compounds and n-hexane. This study was conducted to evaluate occupational exposure in some shoe makers for the co-exposure of benzene, toluene, xylene and n-hexane in order to monitor their health condition.

Methods: In this study 73 shoemakers of 18 workshops in Tehran were studied.Occupational exposure to aromatic compounds (benzene, toluene and xylene) and n-hexane was measured using NIOSH  method No.1501 and 1500 in summery (September and October) and wintry season (January and February) respectively.

Results: The results show occupational exposure to studied compounds in the colder months were significantly higher than the warmer months (p<0.001). Additive exposure to aromatic compounds and n-hexane were higher than Threshold limit value (TLV) accepted by Iran.There are positive correlation between benzene exposure, temperature and humidity (p<0.001). Moreover, there are negative correlation between toluene exposure and air velocity in the summery season (p=0.003) and wintry season (p<0.001).

Conclusion: When the cumulative exposure to aromatic compounds and n-hexane were higher than Threshold limit value (TLV) accepted by Iran, there are a probable neurotoxic risk as a common effect for studied solvents. Therefore, the use of appropriate control methods is important to reduce solvents exposure of adhesives.

Keywords: n-Hexane, Shoe Makers Workshops, Aromatic Compounds, Occupational Exposure.
Full-Text [PDF 176 kb]   (118 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/06/21 | Accepted: 2017/06/21 | Published: 2017/06/21
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Zendehdel R, Sedghi R, Khodakarim S, Esmaeili Tahneh A. Evaluation of Occupational Exposure to n-Hexane and Aromatic Compounds from Workers of Selected Shoe Manufacturing Workshops in Tehran . 3. 2016; 2 (2) :99-107
URL: http://oeh.arums.ac.ir/article-1-80-en.html
Volume 2, Number 2 (summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت محیط و کار Occupational and Environmental Health
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